Opposing Muscles - Townsville Massage

Remember at school, we learned how every action has a reaction?

Well, it’s the same for our muscles.  Every muscle has an opposing muscle.

Strength training is essential if we’re going to be fit.  However, if it’s not done properly, it can cause unbalanced muscles and even result in injury.

Opposing muscles, therefore, need to be worked and all of the muscles worked need to be stretched.

When we only concentrate on some muscles and the opposing muscles are forgotten, injury could result.   Training opposing muscles aids muscle balance and is essential for injury prevention.

It’s all a matter of back to front, and inner and outer, and here are some of our opposing muscles.

  • Upper Arms: Biceps and Triceps
  • Upper Torso: Pectorals and Latissimus Dorsi
  • Shoulder: Anterior Deltoid and Posterior Deltoid
  • Spine: Abdominals and Erector Spinae
  • Legs: Quadriceps and Hamstrings
  • Calves: Gastrocnemius and Tibialis Anterior

What are opposing muscles?

Opposing Muscles (antagonist) are the muscles that oppose the Working Muscles.  For example, when the Biceps are flexing (contracting), the Triceps (the antagonist muscles) are stretched (extended).

If you plan to build your Biceps then it is important to consider the opposing muscle group and work the Triceps.  The same applies to other opposing muscles.

It’s also important to stretch the muscles that have just been worked after the completion of the workout.

Working your opposing muscles and stretching the muscles that have been worked keeps one muscle from becoming tighter than its opposer reducing the risk of injury.

Training your opposing muscles prevents injury.  Muscles that work together to make a movement are in balance with one another instead of one dominating the other.

To avoid injury and keep the muscles balanced.  Train the opposing muscles and stretch after exercising.  Be sure to hold your stretches for at least 30 seconds.