How Does Soil Salinity Affect Plants?

If you are a normal resident who has some trees and plant on the lawn or yard, or if you are a gardener and landscaper by hobby, you should know that there are several potential threats to your plants and besides pests and external elements, soil salinity can also be included in the picture.  

If there is part if your yard that you consider as a dead zone, it is probably caused by too much salt in the soil. The amount of salt that can be seen in the soil is called soil salinity and has been one of the serious problems not just in residential settings but also in farming lands. While it is naturally all right to have salt in the soil, too much of it can cause damage and problems in different plants as well as in crop production. Call your Sioux Falls tree service immediately for repair. 

What is soil salinity, why is important, and how repair the damages it has brought into your lawn and/or yard? 

What is Soil Salinity? 

As what we mentioned, soil salinity refers to the measurement used to measure salt in the soil. Soil salinity is also known as salinization, defined as a process of soluble salts accumulating in the soil over time. 

What Causes Salinity in Soil? 

There are many potential causes of salt salinity and to list a few, here are the following: 

  • When you use too much fertilizer, compost, and manure that contain many amounts of salt which accumulate in the soil 
  • Poor drainage and soil compaction are also one of the causes of salt salinity. Because the soil is compact due to poor drainage, the salt accumulates 
  • Watering your plants regularly with water that contains a small amount of soil adds to the salt accumulation in the soil.  
  • Natural salt on the road on sidewalks and driveways can trickle into your lawn or yard and adds to the amount of salt in the soil  

Is This a Problem? 

We talk a lot about how salt accumulates and how they do so, but it is also important to understand why preventing salinity is crucial to your plant’s health.  

When there is a surplus of salt in the soil, this causes difficulty to the plant’s roots to take up water for sustenance. To make the image clear, imagine a scenario in a region that experiences drought. When plants cannot take up water efficiently, they become dehydrated causing them to wilt which can stunt their growth. When they consistently have a hard time taking up water, they start dying.  

As mentioned, soil salinity has been one of the problems in the farming industry, and this needs to be addressed even at the gardens of residential places. 

How do we do it? You will be needing to leach the soil which involves deeply watering the soil over time. However, you need to do two simple things before doing leaching. First, check your soil by having a soil test, and second, improve your drainage.  

Soil testing can determine the amount of salt in your soil for better diagnosis, and proper drainage can help in removing salt from your soil.